Thailand,officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Southeast Asian Indo chinese Peninsula composed of 76 provinces. At 513,120 km2 (198,120 sq meter) and over 68 million people, it is 50th-largest by total area and 21st-most-populous country.
The capital and largest city is Bangkok, a special administrative area.
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. It is an unitary state.
The country is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy.